I said a word. Ioan listened to the phonemes (the smallest units of sound in a word) and worked out which grapheme (written symbol that represents the phoneme/sound) he needed to splat with the fly swat.


  • Play dough
  • Tools to write in the play dough
  • Fly swat


I asked Ioan to cut out some play dough shapes and write the split digraphs on them.

What is a split digraph?

Digraphs are collections of two letters that make one sound, e.g. rain, lie and wheel.

split digraph also contains two letters (a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e and u-e) but they are split by a consonant, for example; whale, tile and phone.

I said a word and Ioan had to work out which split digraph was in it. The first words I gave him were: centipede, dice and cone. He had to find and splat the e-e, i-e and o-e.

Then it was cake.

Next I gave him the word, “cube“.

I went on to give him the following words, in a random order:

  • a-e: made, came, same, take, safe
  • e-e: these, theme, complete
  • i-e: five, ride, like, time, side
  • o-e: home, those, woke, hope, hole
  • u-e: June, rule, rude, use, tube, tune

DfES Outcomes for EYFS and National Curriculum (2013)

English Year 1 programme of study

Writing – transcription


  • words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught