Ioan describes how to write fractions in this previous post on Star Wars Fractions.

In it, he explains that the **top number** is called the **numerator**. The numerator is the **number of equal parts we have**.

The **denominator** is the **bottom number** and it shows the total **number of parts the whole is divided in to**.

## Defining what mixed and improper fractions are.

A **mixed number** is made up of a whole number and a fraction. For example: 1 and 2/10.

An **improper fraction **is one that is** ‘top-heavy’** so the numerator is bigger than the denominator. For example: 12/10.

#### Identifying mixed and improper fractions

#### Ordering fractions

#### Converting an improper fraction to a mixed fraction

#### Comparing improper fractions with the same numerator

“If my numerator is always 12, will I always have the same fraction?”

Finny was working out how many ‘wholes’ different improper fractions could be worth, even with the same numerator.

#### Do fractions equivalent to one half have even numerators?

#### If a fraction is equivalent to one half, the denominator is double the numerator. True or false.

Their finished work.

## DfES National Curriculum (2013)

### Numeracy Year 2 programme of study

#### Number – fractions

- recognise, find, name and write fractions one third, one quarter, two quarters and three quarters of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
- write simple fractions for example, a half of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of two quarters and a half

### Numeracy Year 4 programme of study

#### Number – fractions

- recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
- solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number

#### Number – multiplication and division

- recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12