Ioan wanted to use what he’s learnt about penguins this week as part of his part of his homework. He had to write words with ‘sh’ and ‘ch’ in them.


  • Non-fiction books
  • Laptop
  • Earth Unplugged video clip about penguins
  • Paper
  • Pencil
  • Pictures


Ioan used his phonics and segmented the words into phonemes (the smallest units of sound in a word) and worked out which graphemes (written symbols that represent the grapheme/sound) he needed to write to make each word.

The graphemes can be represented by a single letter, or a sequence of letters. He wrote the graphemes he thought, e.g. South Pole, he wrote as ‘S-ow-th P-oa-l’.

We re-read the non-fiction books and watched an ‘Earth Unplugged’ for further penguin research.

Ioan wrote the second part on the laptop. He’s not really typed before and you can see how proud he was. After we had printed it out, he read back through and underlined the ‘sh’ and ‘ch’ words.

This was his finished work:

DfES Early Learning Goals (2017)

Communication and language

ELG 01 – Listening and attention:

Children listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions.

ELG 02 – Understanding:

Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.

Physical development

ELG 04 – Moving and handling:

Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.


ELG 09 – Reading:

Children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also read some common irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.

ELG 10 – Writing:

Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.

Understanding the world

ELG 14 – The world:

Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.

ELG 15 – Technology:

Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools. They select and use technology for particular purposes.