World Book Day: Penguins Part 2. Ioan helped to read us some of the non-fiction books. Alongside our penguin research, we learnt about icebergs and life in Antartica.


  • Non-Fiction books and texts
  • Ice blocks of various sizes (some coloured blue and some with glitter and sequins in)
  • Penguin figures
  • Loose parts: beach pebbles, ping pong balls, blue rainbow pebbles, clear vase fillers


They enjoyed some free play. As always, Ioan played quietly, singing to himself and deep in thought. Finn, unsurprisingly talked us through his play.

I love overhearing them using and applying what they’ve learnt! The following conversation is in the video below.

Finn: It’s melting Mummy!

Me: It’s melting, it’s getting too warm.

Ioan: It’s at zero egrees (degrees).

Ioan enjoyed making ice bridges so the penguins could slide from one iceberg to another.

Finn did his usual counting, then proudly made a maze for his penguin “swimmers”, which we have refrozen to use again.

DfES Early Learning Goals (2017)

Communication and language

ELG 03 – Speaking:

Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.


ELG 09 – Reading:

Children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also read some common irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.

Understanding the world

ELG 14 – The world:

Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.