Most people would make the tally chart, then use the information to help them make their pictogram. But not Finny, he had already made a pictogram. Then, having seen Ioan make a tally chart with our fruit sorting game, Finny was keen to also make his own tally chart.


  • Bath crayons
  • Farm animals
  • Magnatiles


First of all, Finny sorted the farm animals in to groups. He left the animal names that he had written for his pictogram, in the first column of his tally chart. As always, I had let him spell the names the way he thought they would be spelt phonetically.


Then, he counted how many goats he had. Each occurrence is shown by a tally mark and there were only three goats, but Finny explained how he would record them if there were more. Every fifth tally is drawn diagonally to make a “gate” of five. This means tallies can then be counted easily to give the frequency.


He was happy there were five pigs, so he could show me how the gate would look.


There were only two ducks to record on his tally chart.

There were three cows, sheep, horses and hens.





Finny spotted there were five threes, so I asked him what that would be.

Finny fetched the magnatiles to show his working out for five threes. He thought they would be 15, but wanted to show me why.

DfES Early Learning Goals (2017)


ELG 11 – Numbers:

Children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add two single-digit numbers and count on to find the answer.


ELG 10 – Writing:

Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.

DfES Outcomes for EYFS and National Curriculum (2013)

Numeracy Year 2 programme of study


  • interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables
  • ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity
  • ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.